Discover a temple from the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius

An Egyptian Archaeological Mission of the Ministry of Antiquities, succeeded to discover a temple from the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius, one of the Roman emperors in the second century AD, at Al-Hag Ali village in Siwa Oasis, located 350m away of the Mountain of the Deads (Gabal Al-Marwa).

Dr.Ayman Ashmawy, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector explains that this discovery reflects the history of Siwa Oasis and the northern coast during the Roman era. The temple consists of the foundations of a huge rectangular limestone building measured 40 m from north to south and 8.50 m from east to west. Its entrance is located on the northern side lined with two small rooms leading to a 25 m long front hall and the holy of the Hollies. The temple is also surrounded by an outer wall of 71 x 56 m in size.
On his part, Abdul Aziz al-Damiri, general director of the Antiquities of Matrouh and Siwa and the head of the mission, said that the most important parts that has been discovered during the excavations are a limestone painting with Greek inscription and decorated with the sun disk surrounded by cobras. This relied, he asserted has helped to identify the name of the emperor who builtthe temple as well as the ruler of Egypt in this period.

The measure of the block is about 5x 1 m. it was found broken in three parts and is most probably part of the upper lintel that is located at the entrance to the temple.

he continues that the limstone painting was in a good condition of the preservation. and was transfer to store in the Siwa museum’s storehouse to the conservation works

New Discovery in Alexandria

Dr. Mostafa Waziri Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities announced that

An Egyptian Archaeological mission working at Al-Abd land in Alexandria uncovered a number of archaeological elements and remains of tombs dated back to the Greaco-Roman era, during excavations carried out in the Easter section of the Hellenistic cemetery on the site.

He explains that these remains are a collection of offering vessels, lamps decorated with a scenes of deities. But, he added, the most important one of this discovery is a tombstone that was once used to close one of the burial shafts. The site of Al-Abd land is located within the eastern cemetery of the ancient city of Alexandria, which contains a number of burials dating back to the Hellenistic era.

Ibrahim Metwaly, Head of the Egyptian excavation mission said that this tombstone is an evolution of the idea of imaginary doors that spread during the ancient Egyptian ages to mislead the thieves from the real door of the tomb.
The tombstone is now under restoration as it is in a bad conservation condition.

New Discovery in Aswan

Dr Mostafa Wazeery Secretary General of Subreme Counceil of Antequities announced that the Swedish-Egyptian mission working at Gebal el-Silsila area succeed to uncover 4 intact burials for children, while the Austrian mission at the archaeological hill in Kom Ombo town uncovered part of a First Intermediate Period cemetery and the Egyptian-Swiss mission in Aswan has discovered an incomplete statue dating back to the Greco-Roman era.
Dr.Ayman Ashmawy, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities explains that the 4 burials discovered in Gebel el-Silsila are dating back to the 18th dynasty and it consists of a rock-hewn burial for a child between two and three years old and his mummy still retains its linen wrapping and is surrounded by some organic material from the remains of a wooden coffin.
The Secound burial is for a child aged between six and nine years old founded inside a wooden coffin, while the third burial is of a child between the ages of five and eight years both of which contain many funerary furniture, including amulets and a set of pottery. The fourth burial is for a child between the ages of five and eight years too, and it is not clear exactly the cause of his death.

An inspection tour to Al Imam Al-Shafie Dome in Islamic Cairo

Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, and Eng. WaadAllah AbuElella Head of the project Sector embarked on an inspection tour to Al Imam Al-Shafie Dome in Historic Cairo to check upon the latest works of conservation.

The Conservation works carried out in the dome of al-Imam al-Shafi’I in the cemetery of Historic Cairo have uncovered fragments of the Mausoleum under the dome, remains of decorative carved stucco features, coloured marble, stone flooring and fragments of a masonry dome were also found.

Mohamed AbdelAziz General Director of the Historic Cairo Rehabilitation Project explains that the discovered building pre-date the current shrine of al-Imam al-Shafi’i which was built by the Ayyubid Sultan al-Kamil in the year 608/1211 and was built after al-Imam al-Shafi’i was buried there in 204/820. And it’s consisting of an open courtyard with three prayer niches attached to a domed hall

Abdel Aziz continues that the conservation works included the restoration of the structural problems in the masonry walls, subsidence of floors, leaking roofs and disintegration of decorative elements, most notably the decorated stucco exterior, carved and painted wood and coloured marble cladding. Work implemented so far includes documentation, cracks repaired and grouting of masonry walls, soil infill to fix subsidence, consolidation, fixation, restoration and cleaning of carved stucco, repair and insulation of wooden roofs and ceilings and repair of marble cladding.

On his part, Dr Mai El-Ebrashy Head of the initiative “Athar Lina” and “Megawra society” said The excavations works started in March 2016 under the supervision of the Ministry of Antiquities and funded by the U.S. Department of State’s Ambassador’s Fund to preserve the dome.

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Elephantine Discovery in Aswan

The workshop for carpentry in Elephantine Island was uncovered by a German Swiss mission led by Cornelious von Pilgrim. Among the objects found in the workshop are two objects of particular importance. It is an assemblage of two metal axes made of bronze or copper. They were deposited in a small pit in one of the uppermost floors of the latest phase of the house. The phase can be dated in the time of Thutmosis III or in the early years of Amenhotep II.
Dr. Pilgrim said that after their discoverey both axes have been carefully restored by the conservator of the mission in May 2017. One of the axes is a symmetrical axe with elongated lugs, a type that started to appear in Egypt in the Second Intermediate Period. The axe was heavily corroded and is badly cracked. It is best paralleled with the group of splayed axes with straight sides that becomes a common form in the 18th Dynasty. This axe type was most probably used as a tool. The second axe found in the same deposit is most exceptional and clearly of foreign origin. It is the first example of an axe of this Syrian type in all Egypt. It has a shaft-hole to mount the shaft into the axe, a technology which never was adopted by Egyptian manufacturers.

Komombo Temple discovery

During excavation works carried out at the north-western area of Komombo temple as part of a project to decrease the subterranean water, the Egyptian mission stumbled upon a limestone block engraved with hieroglyphic inscription.
Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities announces. He explains that early studies carried out on the block reveal that it belongs to the reign of Greek Emperor Philip Erhadius, the step brother of Alexander the Great who succeeded his brother to the throne.
The block is 83 cm tall, 55 cm large and 32 cm thick. The inscription engraved on it shows the cartouche of Emperor Philip and prayer for the crocodile god sobek of Komombo. The upper part of the block depicts goddess Nekhbet and its lower part bears king Philip while wearing the red crown of lower Egypt.

New Discovery of three shipwrecks In Alexandria

Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities announced the discovery of three shipwrecks dating back to the Roman era, during excavation works carried out by the Egyptian mission in collaboration with the European Institute of underwater Archeology in Eastern port of Alexandria.

Dr. waziri explains that the mission has succeeded to uncovered also a royal head carved in crystal dating back to the Roman-era and probably it belongs to the commander of the armies “Antonio”, in addition to three gold coins dating back to the Emperor “Octavius” in Abu Qir Bay in Alexandria.
He went on saying that the mission has also uncovered a votive bark of god Osiris in the sunken city of Heraklion in Abu Qir bay.

Dr. Osama Alnahas Head of the Central Department of the Underwater Antiquities said that the discovery of the three shipwrecks will leads the mission to other still hidden treasures underwater.

He continues that the excavation works indicate that a fourth shipwreck would be uncovered during the coming season as the mission uncovered some of Large wooden planks as well as archaeological remains of pottery vessels that may represent the cargo of the ship.

Dr.Ayman Ashmawy, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector said that the archaeological mission began its excavations last September after the approval of the Permanent Committee of Egyptian Antiquities.

Its works included a survey of the soil in both the eastern port and the Abu Qir Bay, underwater excavations at the Heraklion sunken city in Abu Qir Bay,as well as the completion of the conservation and documentation works.

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